Working Hours in Cyprus Law

In the case of Cyprus, it is important to take into account that the distances between urban and regional centres are too short to cause problems for commuters. According to the Fourth European Working Conditions Survey, the average travel time of Cypriot workers is around 32 minutes per day, the shortest of any EU Member State. Employees are entitled to paid sick leave from the fourth day of sickness and are paid by social security. The employee must submit a medical certificate to the Social Security Administration within 48 hours of the start of sick leave. Overtime pay in Cyprus is not regulated by law but is the subject of individual or collective agreements, with the exception of shops, hotels and leisure centres (restaurants, bars, clubs, etc.), as well as civil servants and persons working for bodies governed by public law, if there are specific laws and/or regulations governing this matter. Part-time and permanent employees should also be treated equally. Part-time workers are entitled to the same wages and benefits as full-time employees performing the same duties. Employers should pay part-time employees in proportion to the number of hours worked. The total working time of an employee may not exceed 44 hours per week or eight (8) hours per day.

The exceptions are: in Cyprus, public holidays and annual leave are included in annual working time and are paid. This is not up for debate, because leave is established by law. Agreements between the employee and the employer cannot be concluded if such an agreement is not included in the European Working Time Directive or in collective agreements. Although some precautions can be taken in the event of an increase in workload, it is not certain that this will always be done amicably. Depending on the type of working hours, employees are entitled to annual leave of at least 20 days if they work in the 5-day week (or 21 days if the company is exempt from the 8-day holiday fund), or at least 24 days if they work in a 6-day week. (or 25 days if the company is exempt from the 8% contribution to the holiday fund). Although working time in most workplaces is regulated exclusively by agreements, laws and collective agreements, the slight decrease in weekly working time observed in the Community Labour Force Survey can be explained, without official data, by the increased entry of women into parttime work. Similarly, night workers should not work more than eight hours per night on average in a calendar month. The maximum weekly working time is 48 hours, including overtime. Normal working hours in Cyprus are 40 hours per week.

In addition, the employee is entitled to at least 11 continuous hours of rest per day. If the daily working time is more than 6 continuous hours, the employee is entitled to a break of 15 minutes. Labour law provides for a minimum probationary period of at least 26 weeks, which can be extended up to 104 weeks. If the employment relationship is terminated during the probationary period, there is no minimum notice period. Any work exceeding the normal weekly working time is remunerated as overtime and is regulated by the employment contract or collective agreements. The maximum number of hours in a work week is 48 and is averaged over a 4-month period. The accession of Cyprus to the EU and the adoption of the European Working Time Directive did not lead to any change in the average working time, since the above-mentioned framework agreement, which applies at national level, had already reduced the working week to 38 hours in 1998. Managers or other persons with autonomous decision-making power, employed family members and employees of religious institutions are also exempt from any restriction of working time.

As stated above, distances in Cyprus do not pose a problem for the movement of workers to and from their place of work and therefore no counter-proposals were discussed. However, telework as a modern form of work is at a very low level of development in Cyprus and has not shown a clear upward trend. Although there is no clear evidence, manual activities tend to have more fixed working hours due to their nature and lack special flexibility options. The aim is to gain a better understanding of the differences in working time in the European Union and the evolution of average working time, both overall and by certain sections of the working population in the different Member States, in recent years. The aim is to examine the factors underlying the changes observed in the survey data collected and, in particular, the evolution of employment conditions in relation to working time. In general, the data refer to the working time of persons employed. According to the Community Labour Force Survey, workers` working time decreased slightly between 2000 and 2006. However, working time in Cyprus is regulated by each individual sector and there are few cases where working time is not regulated by law or agreement.

Working time in sectors where collective bargaining takes place is set by collective agreements at 38 hours per week. In the retail sector, the weekly working time is generally 38 hours and is set by the 2006 Law regulating the opening hours of shops and the conditions of employment of retail employees. For employees of public and semi-public organisations, the working week is set at 37.7 hours in an agreement between the All-Cypriot Union of Public Employees (Παγκύπρια Συντεχνία Δημοσίων Υπαλλήλων, PASYDY) and the Government. The working day varies from one sector to another. In the public sector, the working day is 07:30/08:00 – 14:30/15:00, except on Thursdays when employees work 2 hours more. In construction and industry, the working day is from 07:30 to 15:30/16:00 and in the private sector and services from 08:00/09:00 to 17:00/18:00. The employee must be provided with a confidentiality policy stating that, as part of the employment relationship, the employee is required to provide the employer with a medical report every “X” months or years containing “A”, “B” and “C” data that the employer collects and processes in order to assess the employee`s work capacity (i.e. B. indicating the purpose and legal basis of the data processing).

In Cyprus, there is no clear tendency to reduce weekly working days in return for an increase in daily working hours. This can happen in retail under certain circumstances. The working time of employees is regulated by collective agreements. However, the main concern of trade unions is that part-time work is the result of a conscious decision by the employee and is not imposed by the employer. Unions are constantly fighting for the equality of part-time workers, both in terms of working conditions and benefits. • Employer and employee information. • The employer`s place of work and registered address. • The employee`s position. • Date of commencement of employment.

• Duration of employment. • The number of days of paid leave granted to the employee. • The employee`s period of hours per day or number of days worked per week. • All collective agreements governing the employee`s working conditions. § 7 para. Article 1 of the Law on the Organization of Working Time (L.63(I)/2002) stipulates that the number of working hours may not exceed 48 hours per week, including overtime, in a reference period of four months. However, in some industries (e.g. hotels), different restrictions may apply. As mentioned above, annual leave and annual leave are established by law and are not subject to arbitrary changes. Annual leave for employees with up to 5 years of service is 20 working days per year, 22 days for 6 years of service, 23 working days for 7 to 10 years of service, and 24 working days per year for persons with more than 10 years of service. The payroll cycle in Cyprus is usually monthly and payments must be made no later than the last working day of the month. However, in the absence of a specific law or regulation, or a collective or individual agreement on the matter, the employer should, as a general rule, obtain the employee`s consent for overtime and pay leave of at least 1:1 or equivalent to ensure that this temporary change in terms and conditions of employment is duly taken into account.

The Commission has not yet presented a proposal for a directive on environmental protection. Otherwise, an increase in working time without at least a proportional wage increase or adequate remuneration for overtime constitutes an unfavourable unilateral change in the agreed working conditions, which, under Cypriot labour law, constitutes grounds for de facto dismissal and the employer can be held liable for damages.